学者

时间管理指南

时间管理指南

学者导航

Developing time management skills is a journey that may begin with the guide below but will need more time, 实践, 以及沿途附加的方向.

One goal is to help yourself become aware of how you use your time as one resource in organizing, 优先级, and succeeding in your studies in the context of competing activities of friends, 工作, 家庭, 等.

利用时间的策略

These applications of time management have proven to be effective as good study habits.

As we go through each strategy, jot down an idea of what each will look like for you.

分段(学习时间和休息时间)

当你的学期开始,你的课程安排确定了, develop and plan for blocks of study time in a typical week. Blocks ideally are around 50 minutes, but perhaps you become restless after only 30 minutes? Some difficult material may require more frequent breaks. Shorten your study blocks if necessary-but don't forget to return to the task at hand. What you do during your break should give you an opportunity to have a snack, 放松, 或者以其他方式让自己恢复精力. 例如, plan blocks of time for when you are most productive: are you a morning person or a night owl?

试一试: 写下一个你可以学习的最佳时间段. 有多长?? 什么能让你好好休息一下? 你能控制活动并回到你的学习中吗?

专用学习空间

It’s important to determine a place free from distraction (no cell phone or text messaging!) where you can maximize your concentration and be free of the distractions that friends or hobbies can bring. You should also have a back-up space that you can escape to, 比如图书馆, 院系研究中心, 甚至是可以匿名的咖啡店. 地点的改变也可能带来额外的资源.

试一试: List the best study spaces you can think of and would use. 你的后备地点在哪里?

每周评论

Weekly reviews and updates are also an important strategy. Each week, like a Sunday night, review your 赋值s, your notes, and your calendar. Be mindful that as deadlines and exams approach, your weekly routine must adapt to them!

试一试: 上周的复习. 什么时候是你复习的最佳时间?

优先安排你的任务 

When studying, get in the habit of beginning with the most difficult subject or task. You'll be fresh and have more energy to take them on when you are at your best. 对于比较难的课程,尽量灵活一些. 例如, build in reaction time when you can get feedback on 赋值s before they are due.

试一试: Give yourself a few days to have your next paper reviewed so you can implement changes. 这周你要先学哪门课? 什么科目总是给你带来麻烦?

完成“第一阶段”——完成任务!

The Chinese adage of the longest journey starting with a single step has a couple of meanings: First, 启动项目! 第二个, 通过启动, you may realize that there are some things you have not planned for in your process. Details of an 赋值 are not always evident until you begin the 赋值. 另一句谚语是“完美是善良的敌人”。, 尤其是当它阻止你开始的时候. Given that you build in review, roughly draft your idea and get going. 之后你将有时间进行编辑和开发.

试一试: 确定从哪里开始你的下一个任务.

推迟不必要的活动,直到工作完成!

Postpone tasks or routines that can be put off until your school 工作 is finished. This can be the most difficult challenge of time management. 作为学习者, we always meet unexpected opportunities that look appealing, 然后在考试中表现不佳, 在纸上, 或者是为任务做准备. Distracting activities will be more enjoyable later without the pressure of the test, 赋值, 等. 悬在你头上. 想想成就带来的骄傲. 不要说“不”,学会说“以后再说”.

试一试: List a few distractions that cause you to stop studying. Use your show or videogame as a reward after completing your 赋值. 

确定可以帮助你的资源

有导师吗?? 专家朋友? Have you tried a google search to get better explanations? Are there specialists in the library that can point you to resources? 那么专业人士和专业组织呢. Using outside resources can save you time and energy, and solve problems.

试一试: Write down three examples for that difficult subject above. 尽可能具体. 提示:你的狮子生活教练是一个很好的资源.

明智地利用你的空闲时间

Think of times when you can study "bits" as when walking, riding the bus, waiting in line, 等. Perhaps you've got music to listen to for your course in music appreciation, 或者是语言学习的操练? Small segments of "in-between" time are perfect for routine tasks like flash cards, 或者如果你能集中注意力, 阅读或回顾一章. 底线是好好利用你的时间.

试一试: List one example of where you might be able to apply free time to your studies.

课前复习笔记和阅读材料

This may prompt a question or two about something you don't quite understand that you can then ask about in, 或之后, class. It also demonstrates to your professor that you are prepared and interested in the subject matter.

试一试: Think about your class routine and where you may be able to review close to class time.

课后复习课堂笔记

The first 24 hours are critical because forgetting material happens within 24 hours without review!

试一试: Think about your class and study routines and determine where you can fit in some review time after your classes.

Select one of the ten applications above and develop a new study habit!

Try something you have a good chance of following through and accomplishing. 没有什么比第一次尝试成功更成功的了!

Develop criteria for adjusting your schedule to meet both your academic and non-academic needs.

有效的艾滋病

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